Ageing report United Nations

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ST ESA SER A 390,Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division,World Population Ageing,2015, United Nations New York 2015. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global. policies in the economic social and environmental spheres and national action The Department works in three. main interlinked areas i it compiles generates and analyses a wide range of economic social and environmental. data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review common problems and take. stock of policy options ii it facilitates the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on. joint courses of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges and iii it advises interested Governments. on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations conferences and summits into. programmes at the country level and through technical assistance helps build national capacities . The Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides the international community. with timely and accessible population data and analysis of population trends and development outcomes for all. countries and areas of the world To this end the Division undertakes regular studies of population size and. characteristics and of all three components of population change fertility mortality and migration Founded in. 1946 the Population Division provides substantive support on population and development issues to the United. Nations General Assembly the Economic and Social Council and the Commission on Population and Development . It also leads or participates in various interagency coordination mechanisms of the United Nations system The. work of the Division also contributes to strengthening the capacity of Member States to monitor population trends. and to address current and emerging population issues . Notes, The designations employed in this report and the material presented in it do not imply the expression of any opinions. whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country territory . city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries . This report is available in electronic format on the Division s website at www unpopulation org For further. information about this report please contact the Office of the Director Population Division Department of. Economic and Social Affairs United Nations New York 10017 USA by Fax 1 212 963 2147 or by e mail at. population un org ,Suggested citation , United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division 2015 World Population Ageing. 2015 ST ESA SER A 390 , Official symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with numbers as illustrated.
in the above citation , Cover photo Streets of Dhaka Taming the Future by Inkiad Hasin 2011. https flickr com photos ragefeast 6117446784 used under CC BY 2 0 cropped from original. Published by the United Nations,Copyright United Nations 2015. All rights reserved, Preface, In the area of population ageing the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social. Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat prepares national regional and global estimates and projections. of older populations monitors levels and trends in population ageing and collects and analyses. information on the relationship between population ageing and development The Population Division. also organizes expert group meetings on various aspects of population ageing . This report is the fifth in the series World Population Ageing The first report was released in 2002 in. conjunction with the Second World Assembly on Ageing The present report which updates the 2007 . 2009 and 2013 editions provides a description of global trends in population ageing and includes new. features on the socio economic and health aspects of ageing This report is accompanied by an interactive. database on the Profiles of Ageing 2015 , This report was prepared by a team led by Jorge Bravo including Sara Hertog Yumiko Kamiya and. Mun Sim Lai who carried out research and drafted chapters Ivan Prlincevic contributed programming. and data processing and Donna Culpepper provided formatting and editorial support Barney Cohen and. John Wilmoth provided key guidance and useful comments on the draft report . The present report has been issued without formal editing Responsibility for the World Population. Ageing 2015 report rests with the Population Division . United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division iii. Explanatory notes, The following symbols have been used in the tables throughout this report .
Two dots indicate that data are not available or are not separately reported . An em dash indicates that the amount is nil or negligible . A hyphen indicates that the item is not applicable . A minus sign before a figure indicates a decrease . A point is used to indicate decimals , A slash indicates a crop year or financial year for example 2010 15 . Use of a hyphen between dates representing years for example 2010 2015 signifies the full period. involved including the beginning and end years , Details and percentages in tables do not necessarily add to totals because of rounding . Reference to dollars indicates United States dollars unless otherwise stated . The term billion signifies a thousand million ,iv World Population Ageing 2015. Sources methods and classifications, Data on demographic trends used in the present report are taken from the 2015 Revision of the official. United Nations world population estimates and projections United Nations Department of Economic and. Social Affairs Population Division 2015 In addition data on the levels of older persons consumption. and the sources of financing for that consumption are from the National Transfer Accounts database. 2015 Data on labour force participation were obtained from the International Labour Organization. 2015 and data on statutory retirement age from the United States Social Security Administration 2013. and 2014 Data on healthy life expectancy causes of morbidity and mortality and burden of disability. were obtained from the World Health Organization 2014 . The population estimates and projections which are prepared biennially by the Population Division. of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat provide the standard. and consistent set of population figures that are used throughout the United Nations system as the basis. for activities requiring population information In the 2015 Revision of the World Population Prospects . standard demographic techniques were used to estimate the population by age and sex as well as trends in. total fertility life expectancy at birth infant mortality and international migration for the years 1950. through 2015 from data available from censuses and post enumeration surveys demographic and health. surveys population and vital registration systems scientific reports and data collections and from data. and estimates provided by international agencies The resulting estimates provided the basis from which. the population projections follow In the 2015 Revision the population projections are based on a. probabilistic Bayesian method for projecting total fertility and life expectancy at birth This method is. based on empirical fertility and mortality trends estimated for all countries of the world for the period. 1950 to 2015 The present report draws on the medium variant population projections through the year. 2050 1, The countries and areas identified as statistical units by the Statistics Division of the United Nations.
and covered by the above estimates and projections are grouped geographically into six regions Africa . Asia Europe Latin America and the Caribbean Northern America and Oceania The countries are also. summarized for statistical convenience into two general groups more developed and less. developed on the basis of demographic and socio economic characteristics The less developed regions. include all regions of Africa Asia excluding Japan Latin America and the Caribbean and Oceania. excluding Australia and New Zealand The more developed regions include all other regions plus the. three countries excluded from the less developed regions The group of least developed countries as. defined by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolutions 59 209 59 210 and 60 33 in 2015. comprises 48 countries In addition the countries are summarized within four groups defined by the. World Bank according to the gross national income GNI per capita in 2014 high income countries are. those with GNI per capita of 12 736 or more upper middle income countries are those with GNI per. capita of more than 4 125 but less than 12 736 lower middle income countries are those with GNI per. capita of more than US 1 045 but less than 4 125 and low income countries are those with GNI per. capita of 1 045 or less See Annex II for further detail on composition of the above mentioned groupings . 1, Further information about data sources and methods underlying the estimates and projections of population can be found on the. website of the Population Division at http esa un org unpd wpp . United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division v. Contents, Page,Preface iii,Explanatory notes iv,Sources methods and classifications v. Chapters, I INTRODUCTION AND KEY FINDINGS 1, II LEVELS AND TRENDS IN POPULATION AGEING 9. A TRENDS IN THE NUMBERS OF OLDER PERSONS 9, B DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE OLDER POPULATION 18. C TRENDS IN THE PERCENTAGE OF OLDER PERSONS 23, D DEPENDENCY AND SUPPORT RATIOS 34.
III DEMOGRAPHIC DRIVERS OF POPULATION AGEING 41, A FERTILITY AND MORTALITY AS DETERMINANTS OF TRENDS IN THE. NUMBERS OF OLDER PERSONS 41, B FERTILITY TRENDS 46. C TRENDS IN LIFE EXPECTANCIES AND PROBABILITIES OF SURVIVAL TO OLD AGE 48. D FERTILITY AND MORTALITY AS DETERMINANTS OF TRENDS IN THE. PERCENTAGE OF OLDER PERSONS 57, E INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND POPULATION AGEING 61. IV POPULATION AGEING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 67. A AGEING POVERTY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH 67, B POPULATION AGEING AND SOCIAL PROTECTION 77. C POPULATION AGEING AND HEALTH 90, D CONCLUSIONS 99.
REFERENCES 103, Annexes, I Glossary of terms related to population ageing 111. II Classification of regions and income groups 115. III Summary data tables 122, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division vii. Page, Figures, II 1 Population aged 60 79 years and aged 80 years or over by development group . 2000 2015 2030 and 2050 11, II 2 Population aged 60 years or over and aged 80 years or over by region 1980 2050 13. II 3 Population aged 60 79 years and aged 80 years or over by income group 2000 . 2015 2030 and 2050 14, II 4 Projected change in the population aged 60 years or over between 2015 and 2030.
versus the level of gross national income per capita in 2014 15. II 5 Population aged 60 years or over and aged 80 years or over by country 2015 17. II 6 Share of the global older population by age group and sex 2015 and 2050 18. II 7 Sex ratios of the population aged 60 years or over and aged 80 years or over for the. world and regions 2015 and 2050 19, II 8 Percentage of oldest old aged 80 years or over among the older population aged 60. years or over by region 1980 2050 20, II 9 Percentage change in the population aged 60 years or over between 2000 and 2015 for. the world and regions by urban rural area 21, II 10 Percentage urban by age group and region 2015 22. II 11 Percentage of population aged 60 years or over and aged 80 years or over residing in. urban areas by region 2000 and 2015 23, II 12 Increase in world population relative to 2000 by broad age group 2000 2050 24. II 13 Global population by broad age group 1950 2050 25. II 14 Global population by broad age group 2000 2015 2030 and 2050 25. II 15 Percentage aged 60 years or over in 2015 versus gross national income per capita in. 2014 28, II 16 Percentage aged 60 years or over projected in 2030 versus gross national income per.
capita in 2014 28, II 17 Percentage point change in the proportion aged 60 years or over for the world and. regions 2000 2015 and 2015 2030 30, II 18 Percentage of the population aged 60 years or over for the world and regions 1980 . 2050 31, II 19 Maps of percentage of population aged 60 years or over in 2000 2015 and 2050 33. II 20 Total dependency ratio for the world and regions 1950 2050 35. II 21 Children and young people aged under 20 years and older persons aged 65 years or. over as a percentage of the global population in the dependent ages 1950 2100 36. II 22 Average annual change in the economic support ratio selected countries 1980 2015. and 2015 2050 38, III 1 Average annual percentage change in the population aged 60 years or over in. 2010 2015 and total fertility in 1950 1955 42, III 2 Average annual percentage change in the population aged 60 years or over in 2010 .
2015 and probability of survival to age 60 among the 1950 1955 birth cohort 43. III 3 Average annual rate of change of the global population aged 60 years or over and. iv World Population Ageing 2015 Explanatory notes The following symbols have been used in the tables throughout this report Two dots indicate that data are not available or are not

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