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2 A Teacher s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein. TABLE OF CONTENTS,Introduction 3,List of Main Characters 3. Synopsis of the Novel 4,Prereading Activities 6, I Building Background Knowledge in History and Culture 7. II Building Background Knowledge Through Exploration of Genre 10. III Building Background Knowledge in Language 12,IV Building Background Knowledge Through. Initial Exploration of Themes 13,During Reading Activities 16. I Analyzing Through Group Response 17,II Analyzing Through Individual Response 21.
After Reading Activities 23,I Topics for Discussion and Essays 23. II Group and Individual Projects 24,III Comparisons and Connections 26. Extending Reading 28,About the Author of this Guide 30. About the Editors of this Guide 30,Free Teacher s Guides 31. Copyright 2009 by Penguin Group USA, For additional teacher s manuals catalogs or descriptive brochures.
please email academic penguin com or write to,PENGUIN GROUP USA INC In Canada write to. Academic Marketing Department PENGUIN BOOKS CANADA LTD. 375 Hudson Street Academic Sales, New York NY 10014 3657 90 Eglinton Ave East Ste 700. http www penguin com academic Toronto Ontario,Canada M4P 2Y3. Printed in the United States of America, A Teacher s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 3. INTRODUCTION, March 2009 In one of the most significant and controversial reversals of previous policy.
newly innaguarated U S President Barack Obama signed an executive order to permit. federal funding for human embryonic stem cell research The ensuing debate continues. to rage in both congress and culture centering around the following questions At what. point does human life begin Do human beings have the right to pursue science over. ideology no matter the gains or sacrifices, Mary Shelley s 18th century Romantic novel Frankenstein raises the same questions about. a scientist s quest to produce a living creature from human parts When Dr Frankenstein. abandons his creation out of horror and remorse the monster sets out on a quest of his. own to connect with the rest of human kind The parallel journeys of Dr Frankenstein. and his creature lead both characters and readers to question the nature of humanity the. rights of the living and and the responsibility of science. High school students are in a unique position to appreciate these questions as they are. facing many of the same issues the roles of technology verses humanity the search for. self identity and the responsibility they have to others Students who remember. Frankenstein as a Halloween monster will be surprised to find themselves re visioning. their view of Dr Frankenstein s creature and will form contemporary connections as they. explore the role of parent child relationships in Shelley s Gothic tale. This guide is designed to be accessible for a variety of learning styles and literacy needs. Pre reading activities are provided to prepare students for reading a Romantic novel and. to challenge them to think about the dilemmas Dr Frankenstein and his creature face. During reading activities ask students to read the text more critically and to engage in the. making of meaning And Post reading activities encourage students to process and extend. their thinking through a variety of written verbal and visual responses The activities. offered in this guide can be used selectively by teachers in focusing on their course. objectives and student needs,LIST OF MAIN CHARACTERS. Robert Walton ship captain explorer and confidant of Frankenstein. Victor Frankenstein scientist who designs a living creature from human remains. The Creature the un named human being created by Victor Frankenstein. Henry Clerval Victor s best friend and fellow student. Alphonse and Caroline Beaufort Frankenstein Victor s parents. Ernest and William Frankenstein Victor s brothers, Elizabeth Lavenza Victor s adopted cousin and wife. Justine Moritz servant and friend of the Frankenstein family. Mr DeLacey Felix Agatha and Safie Impoverished cottage family observed by the. 4 A Teacher s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein. SYNOPSIS OF THE NOVEL,WALTON MEETS FRANKENSTEIN LETTERS. In a letter to his sister Margaret in England Robert Walton expresses excitement over his. plans to discover a passage from Russia to the North Pole He yearns for a friend to share. his dreams despairs and successes What he finds is Victor Frankenstein stranded and. nearly frozen on the ice yet determined to continue his pursuit northward Sensing that. Walton is a kindred spirit in his pursuit of knowledge and the unknown Frankenstein. offers his history as a moral tale,VICTOR S EARLY LIFE CHAPTERS 1 2.
Victor begins his story by detailing his childhood in the Genevese Republic starting with. his father Alphonse s marriage to Caroline Beaufort Victor was their only child for five. years after which they adopted orphaned toddler Elizabeth Lavenza who they present to. Victor as a pretty present He vows to protect and cherish Elizabeth as his very own. possession The Frankensteins have two more sons Ernest and William and settle in. Geneva Victor s happy childhood home Unlike his best friend Henry Clerval who wishes. to learn about the virtues of heroes and the actions of men Victor desires to learn the. secrets of heaven and earth Victor becomes enamored of natural philosophy and begins. reading esoteric authors delving into the search of the philosopher s stone and the elixir. of life A violent lightning storm and the ensuing scientific explanation from a family. friend cause Victor to conclude that he should abandon these outmoded ideas. CREATION OF THE MONSTER CHAPTERS 3 5, At age seventeen after the death of his mother Victor leaves home to attend university. at Ingolstadt where he soon regains his fascination with the mysteries of natural science. With the help of two professors M Krempe and M Waldman Frankenstein learns to. distinguish between ancient myths and current fact resolving to pioneer a new way to. unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of creation Victor spends the next two years. immersed in the study of chemistry without returning to visit family and friends In an. obsessive effort to discover the point at which life begins Victor spends countless days. and nights in charnel houses studying decayed human forms After two years of work. assembling his own creature Frankenstein succeeds in bringing it to life However Victor. is disgusted by the creature s appearance and abandons him upon sight Escaping into. town Victor is surprised to see Henry Clerval who has just arrived at the university. Overcome with the horror of his secret act Victor becomes violently ill. CONSEQUENCES CHAPTERS 6 10, Clerval delivers a letter from Elizabeth expressing concern for Victor s illness and anxiety. for his long absence She reports that Justine Moritz cousin and family friend to the. Frankensteins has come back to live in their home Upon Victor s recovery he and Henry. turn their studies to the Oriental languages and decide to tour the Inglolstadt countryside. Henry s romantic appreciation of their surroundings has a restorative effect on Victor s. A Teacher s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 5. health and psyche His reprieve is shattered however when a letter from Alphonse. Frankenstein reports the strangulation death of Victor s five year old brother William. As Victor and Henry return to Geneva Victor catches a glimpse of his creature and. realizes that it is the murderer of young William Arriving at home to his grief stricken. family he learns that Justine has been accused of the crime because a locket given to. William by Elizabeth has been discovered in Justine s pocket Although she is innocent. Justine is pressured to give a false admission to the court and even Elizabeth s impassioned. defense fails to prevent Justine s condemnation Victor is overcome with guilt yet feels no. one will accept his fantastic explanation of the creature and despairs to see William and. now Justine the first hapless victims to his unhallowed arts In guilt and self imposed. isolation Victor is tempted to take his own life He refrains from doing so only because. he feels it is his duty to protect his family from the creature whom he abhors and. blames with growing intensity To relieve his agony Victor travels to the Chamounix. valley where he encounters the creature Admonishing Frankenstein for abandoning his. own creation the creature compares himself to a fallen angel Although Victor curses the. creature he is compelled to hear his tale,THE CREATURE S STORY CHAPTERS 11 16. The creature describes his first experiences of the sights and sounds of Inglostadt Similar. to a newborn baby he learned to distinguish between day and night and to find food and. drink in the forests and streams Nature became his home and his protector and he. gradually discovered fire for cooking and warmth Desiring the company of fellow human. beings he entered a village but was met with screams and stones Coming upon the. impoverished DeLacey family the creature kept himself hidden while observing them for. several months It was here he learned the beauty of music the pleasure of reading and the. power of the spoken word Longing to join the cottagers he secretly cuts their wood and. eventually approached the blind patriarch attempting to befriend him When his presence. is discovered by DeLacey s son the creature is cruelly rejected once again and forced to flee. The creature continues his tale explaining his suffering as he set out in the cold and snow. to find his creator While on his journey he rescued a young girl from drowning and. when he was rewarded with a bullet he vowed eternal hatred and vengeance to all. mankind After two months he reached Geneva where he happened to encounter. young William in the woods When William struggled and called him monster the. creature strangled William Then for revenge the creature plants William s locket in the. sleeping Justine s pocket But he now knows what he wants the creature explains to. Victor a female creature made explicitly for him,AFTERMATH CHAPTERS 17 24. Frankenstein argues that the creature will only double his efforts to destroy mankind if. presented with a partner and refuses despite the creature s threats of revenge Frankenstein. only relents when the creature promises exile from Europe Upon his return to Geneva. though Victor delays the repugnant task But when he considers marriage to Elizabeth Victor. realizes he must give the creature his mate if he hopes for any peace Fearful the monster. will kill his father Elizabeth or Henry Frankenstein sets out to accomplish the task quickly. 6 A Teacher s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein. Victor settles in a hut on one of the Orkney isles where he feels the landscape is as. miserable as the filthy process in which he is engaged Near completion of the female. creature Frankenstein worries he may be creating a race of devils and when he sees the. creature spying upon him one night Victor destroys his work Returning to confront his. maker the creature vows to Victor I shall be with you on your wedding night Victor. casts the remains of the female creature into the sea but is cast adrift by high winds After. a fearful struggle Victor makes it to land but is ordered to report to Mr Kirwin the. magistrate Victor is shocked to find he is accused of killing a young man whose body has. just been found by local fishermen Victor is agonized to recognize Henry Clerval and. immediately falls into a fever and remains deathly ill for two months. When his father comes to take him home Victor is found innocent Still melancholy. Victor is determined to protect his loved ones His wedding to Elizabeth is planned. quickly in hopes of relieving Victor of his continued anguish Convinced the creature will. act on his threat to appear on his wedding night Victor plans means of protecting. himself To his great agony Frankenstein discovers he has misinterpreted the creature s. threat for it is Elizabeth not Victor that the monster murders Frankenstein finally. confides the entire tale to Geneva s magistrate who promises to seek justice but doubts. the possibility of success Highly agitated Frankenstein vows to devote himself either. in life or death to the creature s destruction For months Victor finds himself in a. perpetual game of hide and seek leading to the northern lands where he must procure a. dog sled to continue on ice It is here Frankenstein encounters the ship of Robert Walton. WALTON S CONCLUSION LETTERS, The frame story is completed with a return to Robert Walton s letters Walton details how.
Frankenstein reverts from calm to rage and is saddened to note what a glorious creature. must Frankenstein have been in the days of his prosperity when he is thus noble and. godlike in ruin Rejecting Walton s offer of friendship as a painful reminder of what he. has lost Victor vows to fulfill his fate and destroy the being to whom he gave existence. When Walton s men demand he turn the ship around or risk losing all aboard to the ice. Frankenstein encourages them to pursue their glorious honorable undertaking or risk. disgrace Yet Walton chooses to respect the power of nature and save his men s lives With. his death imminent Frankenstein asks Robert to continue his pursuit of the creature but. Mary Shelley s 18th century Romantic novel Frankenstein raises the same questions about a scientist s quest to produce a living creature from human parts When Dr Frankenstein abandons his creation out of horror and remorse the monster sets out on a quest of his own to connect with the rest of human kind The parallel journeys of Dr Frankenstein and his creature lead both characters

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