59898 ISSA Security Code

59898 Issa Security Code-Free PDF

  • Date:28 Jun 2020
  • Views:7
  • Downloads:0
  • Pages:32
  • Size:353.36 KB

Share Pdf : 59898 Issa Security Code

Download and Preview : 59898 Issa Security Code


Report CopyRight/DMCA Form For : 59898 Issa Security Code


Transcription:

INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND,PORT FACILITY SECURITY CODE. The ISPS Code will come into force worldwide on July 1st 2004 and will affect. all shipping over 500 g r t and all ports servicing ships engaged on International. 9R DJHV 7KH RGH GRHV QRW UHIHU VSHFL FDOO WR 6KLS 6XSSOLHUV EXW LW GRHV FRYHU. VKLS VWRUHV OO 66 0HPEHUV VKRXOG WKHUHIRUH KDYH D FOHDU XQGHUVWDQGLQJ RQ. KRZ WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI WKLV RGH FRXOG DIIHFW WKHLU EXVLQHVV DFWLYLWLHV. The Code is written in two parts with an additional annex spelling out particular. requirements that ships have to comply with under the rules of SOLAS Safety. RI LIH DW 6HD 3DUW RI WKH RGH LV 0DQGDWRU ZKLOH 3DUW LV 9ROXQWDU DQG. gives additional guidance on the implementation of Part A In this document. WKH UHTXLUHPHQWV XQGHU 3DUW KDYH EHHQ LGHQWL HG DQG DQ DUHDV WKDW DUH. LPSRUWDQW IRU 66 0HPEHUV WR DSSUHFLDWH KDYH EHHQ KLJKOLJKWHG LQ UHG. W VKRXOG DOVR EH PDGH FOHDU WKDW WKH LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ RI WKH RGH ZLWK WKH. UHTXLUHPHQWV IRU SHRSOH WR IROORZ ZLOO GLIIHU QRW RQO IURP RXQWU WR RXQWU. EXW DOVR IURP 3RUW WR 3RUW ZLWKLQ D RXQWU DQG LQ H WUHPH FDVHV HYHQ ZLWKLQ D. VLQJOH SRUW RU H DPSOH VRPH ODUJH SRUWV ZLOO KDYH PDQ GLIIHUHQW RSHUDWLRQV. VXFK DV D IHUU WHUPLQDO EXON WHUPLQDO FKHPLFDO DQG RLO MHWWLHV FRQWDLQHU EHUWKV. HWF Q VXFK ORFDWLRQV LW TXLWH SRVVLEOH WR KDYH GLIIHUHQW OHYHOV RI VHFXULW LQ. RSHUDWLRQ DW WKH VDPH WLPH 7KHUH FRXOG ZHOO EH GLIIHUHQW SHUVRQV LGHQWL HG DV. D 3 6 2 W LV WKHUHIRUH LPSRVVLEOH WR OD GRZQ HG UXOHV WR IROORZ DQG LW LV. WKH UHVSRQVLELOLW RI HDFK 66 0HPEHU WR LGHQWLI SULRU WR GHOLYHU RI VWRUHV. WR D VKLS DQ VSHFLDO UHTXLUHPHQWV WKDW DUH EHLQJ LPSOHPHQWHG DW WKH LQWHQGHG. port of delivery,Key Points, 1 7KHUH DUH WKUHH NH 6HFXULW 3HRSOH WKDW 66 0HPEHUV QHHG WR EH DZDUH RI LQ WKHLU GD WR GD. COMPANY SECURITY OFFICER CSO, H LV WKH SHUVRQ DSSRLQWHG E WKH RPSDQ WR EH UHVSRQVLEOH IRU WKH VHFXULW RQ DOO VKLSV RSHUDWHG. E WKH RPSDQ DQG WR PHHW WKH UHTXLUHPHQWV RI WKH 636 RGH. SHIP SECURITY OFFICER SSO, H LV WKH SHUVRQ DSSRLQWHG E WKH RPSDQ WR EH UHVSRQVLEOH IRU WKH VHFXULW RQ HDFK VKLS. RSHUDWHG E WKH RPSDQ DQG WR PHHW WKH UHTXLUHPHQWV RI WKH 636 RGH. PORT FACILITY SECURITY OFFICER PFSO, H LV WKH SHUVRQ DSSRLQWHG E WKH 3RUW XWKRULW WR EH UHVSRQVLEOH IRU WKH VHFXULW LQ WKH SRUW DQG.
to meet the requirements of the ISPS Code, Q DOO FDVHV 66 0HPEHUV ZLOO KDYH WR FRPPXQLFDWH DW WLPHV ZLWK RQH RU RWKHU RI WKH DERYH. ZKHQ PDNLQJ GHOLYHULHV WR VKLSV W LV LPSRUWDQW WKHUHIRUH WR QG RXW ZKR WKH DUH DQG WR VWDUW D. dialogue with the individuals, 2 7KHUH DUH WKUHH VHFXULW OHYHOV WKDW DUH PDQGDWRU RQ ERDUG DOO VKLSV DQG LQ DOO SRUWV. 7KHVH DUH FRYHUHG LQ WKH DWWDFKHG 3 57 1 EXW 66 0HPEHUV VKRXOG EH DZDUH WKDW XQGHU. FHUWDLQ FRQGLWLRQV ZKHQ RSHUDWLQJ DW HYHO VWRUHV DQG SHUVRQQHO PD QRW EH DOORZHG RQ ERDUG. ship and in some cases to even enter the port, 3 In order to ensure that minimum disruption occurs during the delivery of stores and. VSDUHV DOO 66 0HPEHUV DUH VWURQJO DGYLVHG WR SD DWWHQWLRQ WR WKH IROORZLQJ JXLGHOLQHV. D OO VWRUHV DQG VSDUHV VKRXOG RQO EH VXSSOLHG DJDLQVW D ZULWWHQ RUGHU IURP WKH VKLS RU WKH. E OO VWRUHV DQG VSDUHV EHLQJ GHOLYHUHG 0867 EH DFFRPSDQLHG E SURSHU GRFXPHQWDWLRQ RQ WKH. Company s headed paper, F OO GRFXPHQWDWLRQ PXVW EH FRPSOHWH LQFOXGLQJ DQ UHTXLUHG FHUWL FDWHV WR FRYHU WKH JRRGV. EHLQJ VXSSOLHG, G I UG SDUW JRRGV DUH EHLQJ GHOLYHUHG RQ EHKDOI RI WKH 6KLS 2ZQHU LW LV HVVHQWLDO WKDW RX.
DUH SURYLGHG ZLWK SURSHU SDSHUZRUN IURP WKH RULJLQDO VXSSOLHU LQFOXGLQJ WKH RUGHU IURP WKH. Ship Owner to the 3rd Party, H KHQ GHOLYHULQJ VWRUHV RU VSDUHV WR WKH VKLS LI RX DUH QRW XVLQJ RXU RZQ WUDQVSRUWDWLRQ. ZLWK RXU RZQ SHUVRQDO RX QHHG WR HQVXUH WKDW RXU JRRGV DUH WKH RQO JRRGV RQ WKH YHKLFOH. DQG RX KDYH D V VWHP RI VHFXULQJ WKH YHKLFOH DQG WKLV PXVW EH LQWDFW DW WKH WLPH RI GHOLYHU. KLOH WKLV PD QRW EH VWULFWO HQIRUFHG ZKHQ WKH 3RUW DQG WKH 6KLS DUH DW HYHO VHFXULW LW. DOPRVW FHUWDLQO ZLOO EH HQIRUFHG DW DQ LQFUHDVHG HYHO W PD WKHUHIRUH EH QHFHVVDU WR. UHYLVLW RXU SURFHGXUHV RQ KRZ RX GHOLYHU JRRGV WR D VKLS HVSHFLDOO LI WKH SRUW RI GHOLYHU. LV VRPH GLVWDQFH IURP RXU SODFH RI EXVLQHVV, I W PD EH D JRRG SUDFWLFH WR FKHFN ZLWK WKH 62 662 RU 3 62 ZKDW DUH WKHLU UHTXLUHPHQWV. RQ ERDUG WKH VKLS RU LQ WKH SRUW XQGHU WKH WKUHH GLIIHUHQW OHYHOV RI VHFXULW 7KLV FRXOG ZHOO. prevent additional costs and missed deliveries, J 7KH VXSSO RI VWRUHV LQ FRQWDLQHUV PD EH WKH PRVW VLPSOH GHOLYHU WR FRQWURO IURP WKH. ORDGLQJ LQ RXU SODFH RI EXVLQHVV EXW LI GHOLYHU LV E D UG 3DUW LW PD ZHOO EULQJ LQ DGGLWLRQDO. complications from a security aspect, K Q DOO FDVHV RI GHOLYHU RI VWRUHV DQG VSDUHV LW LV HVVHQWLDO WKDW HDFK 66 0HPEHU ORRNV DW KLV. FXUUHQW V VWHP RI GHOLYHU DQG WDNHV LQWR DFFRXQW WKH LVVXHV WKDW ZLOO GH QLWHO FRPH LQWR IRUFH. with the implementation of the ISPS Code, L OO 66 0HPEHUV VKRXOG EH DZDUH WKDW LQ WKH HYHQW RI D KHLJKWHQHG 6HFXULW HYHO LQ WKH.
SRUW RU RQ WKH VKLS VWRUHV PD QRW EH SHUPLWWHG WR HQWHU WKH SRUW RU WDNHQ RQ ERDUG WKH. VKLS W LV WKHUHIRUH HVVHQWLDO WR GHWHUPLQH ZKDW DFWLRQ WDNHV SODFH LQ SRUWV RU VKLSV LQ ZKLFK. WKH 0HPEHU RSHUDWHV, Q VXPPDU LW LV WKH UHVSRQVLELOLW RI HDFK 66 0HPEHU WR IROORZ WKH JXLGHOLQHV LGHQWL HG LQ WKLV EULHI. JXLGH FRPPXQLFDWH ZLWK WKH UHOHYDQW SHUVRQDO IROORZ JRRG VWULFW GHOLYHU SURFHGXUHV DQG HQVXUH WKDW. KLV VXSSO FDQQRW EH WDPSHUHG ZLWK E DQ UG 3DUW ZKR PD EH DWWHPSWLQJ D WKUHDW WR WKH SRUW RU VKLS. in question, Q WKH IROORZLQJ GRFXPHQW DOO SDUDJUDSKV WKDW KDYH EHHQ KLJKOLJKWHG LQ UHG FRXOG KDYH DQ HIIHFW RQ WKH. 6KLS 6XSSOLHU DQG VKRXOG EH ERUQH LQ PLQG ZKHQ SODQQLQJ GHOLYHU WR D VKLS W IROORZV WKDW WKH FORVHU. WKH SRUW RI GHOLYHU WR RXU PDLQ SODFH RI EXVLQHVV VKRXOG HDVH WKH EXUGHQ DQG SRVVLEOH LPSOLFDWLRQV. RZHYHU SURSHU SODQQLQJ DQG FRPPXQLFDWLRQ FRXSOHG ZLWK JRRG RSHUDWLQJ SURFHGXUHV ZLOO PLQLPL H. WKH SRVVLELOLW RI DQ ULVNV, RZHYHU LW VKRXOG DOZD V EH UHPHPEHUHG WKDW VKLSV DQG SRUWV KDYH WR IROORZ WKH IXOO UHTXLUHPHQWV RI. WKLV RGH DQG WKHUHIRUH WKH FORVHU WKH OLQNV EHWZHHQ HDFK 66 0HPEHU DQG WKH 62 662 DQG 3 62. WKH OHVV FKDQFH RI SUREOHPV ZLOO EH HQFRXQWHUHG, THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA 1974 AS AMENDED MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS. REGARDING THE PROVISIONS OF CHAPTER XI 2 OF THE INTERNATIONAL. CONVENTION FOR THE SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA 1974 AS AMENDED. 1 1 Introduction, This part of the International Code for the Security of Ships and Port Facilities contains mandatory.
SURYLVLRQV WR ZKLFK UHIHUHQFH LV PDGH LQ FKDSWHU O RI WKH QWHUQDWLRQDO RQYHQWLRQ IRU WKH. 6DIHW RI LIH DW 6HD DV DPHQGHG,1 2 Objectives,7KH REMHFWLYHV RI WKLV RGH DUH. WR HVWDEOLVK DQ LQWHUQDWLRQDO IUDPHZRUN LQYROYLQJ FR RSHUDWLRQ EHWZHHQ RQWUDFWLQJ. RYHUQPHQWV RYHUQPHQW DJHQFLHV ORFDO DGPLQLVWUDWLRQV DQG WKH VKLSSLQJ DQG SRUW. LQGXVWULHV WR GHWHFW VHFXULW WKUHDWV DQG WDNH SUHYHQWLYH PHDVXUHV DJDLQVW VHFXULW. incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade. WR HVWDEOLVK WKH UHVSHFWLYH UROHV DQG UHVSRQVLELOLWLHV RI WKH RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV. RYHUQPHQW DJHQFLHV ORFDO DGPLQLVWUDWLRQV DQG WKH VKLSSLQJ DQG SRUW LQGXVWULHV DW WKH. national and international level for ensuring maritime security. WR HQVXUH WKH HDUO DQG HI FLHQW FROOHFWLRQ DQG H FKDQJH RI VHFXULW UHODWHG LQIRUPDWLRQ. 1 2 4 to provide a methodology for security assessments so as to have in place plans and. procedures to react to changing security levels and. WR HQVXUH FRQ GHQFH WKDW DGHTXDWH DQG SURSRUWLRQDWH PDULWLPH VHFXULW PHDVXUHV DUH LQ. 1 3 Functional requirements, Q RUGHU WR DFKLHYH LWV REMHFWLYHV WKLV RGH HPERGLHV D QXPEHU RI IXQFWLRQDO UHTXLUHPHQWV. 7KHVH LQFOXGH EXW DUH QRW OLPLWHG WR, 1 3 1 gathering and assessing information with respect to security threats and exchanging such. information with appropriate Contracting Governments. 1 3 2 requiring the maintenance of communication protocols for ships and port facilities. SUHYHQWLQJ XQDXWKRUL HG DFFHVV WR VKLSV SRUW IDFLOLWLHV DQG WKHLU UHVWULFWHG DUHDV. SUHYHQWLQJ WKH LQWURGXFWLRQ RI XQDXWKRUL HG ZHDSRQV LQFHQGLDU GHYLFHV RU H SORVLYHV. to ships or port facilities, 1 3 5 providing means for raising the alarm in reaction to security threats or security incidents. UHTXLULQJ VKLS DQG SRUW IDFLOLW VHFXULW SODQV EDVHG XSRQ VHFXULW DVVHVVPHQWV DQG. UHTXLULQJ WUDLQLQJ GULOOV DQG H HUFLVHV WR HQVXUH IDPLOLDULW ZLWK VHFXULW SODQV DQG. procedures,2 DEFINITIONS, 2 1 RU WKH SXUSRVH RI WKLV SDUW XQOHVV H SUHVVO SURYLGHG RWKHUZLVH.
RQYHQWLRQ PHDQV WKH QWHUQDWLRQDO RQYHQWLRQ IRU WKH 6DIHW RI LIH DW 6HD DV. 5HJXODWLRQ PHDQV D UHJXODWLRQ RI WKH RQYHQWLRQ,2 1 3 Chapter means a chapter of the Convention. 2 1 4 Ship security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures on. ERDUG WKH VKLS GHVLJQHG WR SURWHFW SHUVRQV RQ ERDUG FDUJR FDUJR WUDQVSRUW XQLWV VKLS V. VWRUHV RU WKH VKLS IURP WKH ULVNV RI D VHFXULW LQFLGHQW. 2 1 5 Port facility security plan means a plan developed to ensure the application of measures. GHVLJQHG WR SURWHFW WKH SRUW IDFLOLW DQG VKLSV SHUVRQV FDUJR FDUJR WUDQVSRUW XQLWV DQG. VKLS V VWRUHV ZLWKLQ WKH SRUW IDFLOLW IURP WKH ULVNV RI D VHFXULW LQFLGHQW. 6KLS VHFXULW RI FHU PHDQV WKH SHUVRQ RQ ERDUG WKH VKLS DFFRXQWDEOH WR WKH PDVWHU. GHVLJQDWHG E WKH RPSDQ DV UHVSRQVLEOH IRU WKH VHFXULW RI WKH VKLS LQFOXGLQJ. implementation and maintenance of the ship security plan and for liaison with the. FRPSDQ VHFXULW RI FHU DQG SRUW IDFLOLW VHFXULW RI FHUV. RPSDQ VHFXULW RI FHU PHDQV WKH SHUVRQ GHVLJQDWHG E WKH RPSDQ IRU HQVXULQJ. WKDW D VKLS VHFXULW DVVHVVPHQW LV FDUULHG RXW WKDW D VKLS VHFXULW SODQ LV GHYHORSHG. VXEPLWWHG IRU DSSURYDO DQG WKHUHDIWHU LPSOHPHQWHG DQG PDLQWDLQHG DQG IRU OLDLVRQ ZLWK. SRUW IDFLOLW VHFXULW RI FHUV DQG WKH VKLS VHFXULW RI FHU. 3RUW IDFLOLW VHFXULW RI FHU PHDQV WKH SHUVRQ GHVLJQDWHG DV UHVSRQVLEOH IRU WKH. GHYHORSPHQW LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ UHYLVLRQ DQG PDLQWHQDQFH RI WKH SRUW IDFLOLW VHFXULW SODQ. DQG IRU OLDLVRQ ZLWK WKH VKLS VHFXULW RI FHUV DQG FRPSDQ VHFXULW RI FHUV. 6HFXULW OHYHO PHDQV WKH OHYHO IRU ZKLFK PLQLPXP DSSURSULDWH SURWHFWLYH VHFXULW. PHDVXUHV VKDOO EH PDLQWDLQHG DW DOO WLPHV, 2 1 10 Security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective security. PHDVXUHV VKDOO EH PDLQWDLQHG IRU D SHULRG RI WLPH DV D UHVXOW RI KHLJKWHQHG ULVN RI D. security incident, O 6HFXULW OHYHO PHDQV WKH OHYHO IRU ZKLFK IXUWKHU VSHFL F SURWHFWLYH VHFXULW PHDVXUHV. VKDOO EH PDLQWDLQHG IRU D OLPLWHG SHULRG RI WLPH ZKHQ D VHFXULW LQFLGHQW LV SUREDEOH RU. LPPLQHQW DOWKRXJK LW PD QRW EH SRVVLEOH WR LGHQWLI WKH VSHFL F WDUJHW. 2 2 7KH WHUP VKLS ZKHQ XVHG LQ WKLV RGH LQFOXGHV PRELOH RIIVKRUH GULOOLQJ XQLWV DQG. KLJK VSHHG FUDIW DV GH QHG LQ UHJXODWLRQ, 2 3 7KH WHUP RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQW LQ FRQQHFWLRQ ZLWK DQ UHIHUHQFH WR D SRUW IDFLOLW. ZKHQ XVHG LQ VHFWLRQV WR LQFOXGHV D UHIHUHQFH WR WKH HVLJQDWHG XWKRULW. 2 4 7HUPV QRW RWKHUZLVH GH QHG LQ WKLV SDUW VKDOO KDYH WKH VDPH PHDQLQJ DV WKH PHDQLQJ. DWWULEXWHG WR WKHP LQ FKDSWHUV DQG,3 APPLICATION, 3 1 7KLV RGH DSSOLHV WR WKH IROORZLQJ W SHV RI VKLSV HQJDJHG RQ LQWHUQDWLRQDO YR DJHV.
SDVVHQJHU VKLSV LQFOXGLQJ KLJK VSHHG SDVVHQJHU FUDIW. FDUJR VKLSV LQFOXGLQJ KLJK VSHHG FUDIW RI JURVV WRQQDJH DQG XSZDUGV DQG. PRELOH RIIVKRUH GULOOLQJ XQLWV DQG, 3 1 4 port facilities serving such ships engaged on international voyages. 3 2 1RWZLWKVWDQGLQJ WKH SURYLVLRQV RI VHFWLRQ RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV VKDOO GHFLGH WKH H WHQW. RI DSSOLFDWLRQ RI WKLV SDUW RI WKH RGH WR WKRVH SRUW IDFLOLWLHV ZLWKLQ WKHLU WHUULWRU ZKLFK DOWKRXJK. XVHG SULPDULO E VKLSV QRW HQJDJHG RQ LQWHUQDWLRQDO YR DJHV DUH UHTXLUHG RFFDVLRQDOO WR VHUYH. ships arriving or departing on an international voyage. RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV VKDOO EDVH WKHLU GHFLVLRQV XQGHU VHFWLRQ RQ D SRUW IDFLOLW. security assessment carried out in accordance with this part of the Code. Q GHFLVLRQ ZKLFK D RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQW PDNHV XQGHU VHFWLRQ VKDOO QRW. FRPSURPLVH WKH OHYHO RI VHFXULW LQWHQGHG WR EH DFKLHYHG E FKDSWHU RU E WKLV SDUW. of the Code, 3 3 7KLV RGH GRHV QRW DSSO WR ZDUVKLSV QDYDO DX LOLDULHV RU RWKHU VKLSV RZQHG RU RSHUDWHG. E D RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQW DQG XVHG RQO RQ RYHUQPHQW QRQ FRPPHUFLDO VHUYLFH. 3 4 6HFWLRQV WR DQG RI WKLV SDUW DSSO WR RPSDQLHV DQG VKLSV DV VSHFL HG LQ UHJXODWLRQ. 3 5 6HFWLRQV DQG WR RI WKLV SDUW DSSO WR SRUW IDFLOLWLHV DV VSHFL HG LQ UHJXODWLRQ. 3 6 1RWKLQJ LQ WKLV RGH VKDOO SUHMXGLFH WKH ULJKWV RU REOLJDWLRQV RI 6WDWHV XQGHU LQWHUQDWLRQDO ODZ. 4 RESPONSIBILITIES OF CONTRACTING GOVERNMENTS, 4 1 6XEMHFW WR WKH SURYLVLRQV RI UHJXODWLRQ RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV VKDOO VHW VHFXULW. levels and provide guidance for protection from security incidents Higher security levels. LQGLFDWH JUHDWHU OLNHOLKRRG RI RFFXUUHQFH RI D VHFXULW LQFLGHQW DFWRUV WR EH FRQVLGHUHG. LQ VHWWLQJ WKH DSSURSULDWH VHFXULW OHYHO LQFOXGH, WKH GHJUHH WKDW WKH WKUHDW LQIRUPDWLRQ LV FUHGLEOH. WKH GHJUHH WKDW WKH WKUHDW LQIRUPDWLRQ LV FRUURERUDWHG. WKH GHJUHH WKDW WKH WKUHDW LQIRUPDWLRQ LV VSHFL F RU LPPLQHQW DQG. 4 1 4 the potential consequences of such a security incident. RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV ZKHQ WKH VHW VHFXULW OHYHO VKDOO LVVXH DV QHFHVVDU. appropriate instructions and shall provide security related information to the ships and. SRUW IDFLOLWLHV WKDW PD EH DIIHFWHG, 4 2 RQWUDFWLQJ RYHUQPHQWV PD GHOHJDWH WR D UHFRJQL HG VHFXULW RUJDQL DWLRQ FHUWDLQ RI WKHLU.
VHFXULW UHODWHG GXWLHV XQGHU FKDSWHU DQG WKLV SDUW RI WKH RGH ZLWK WKH H FHSWLRQ RI. VHWWLQJ RI WKH DSSOLFDEOH VHFXULW OHYHO, DSSURYLQJ D 3RUW DFLOLW 6HFXULW VVHVVPHQW DQG VXEVHTXHQW DPHQGPHQWV WR DQ DSSURYHG. assessment, GHWHUPLQLQJ WKH SRUW IDFLOLWLHV ZKLFK ZLOO EH UHTXLUHG WR GHVLJQDWH D 3RUW DFLOLW 6HFXULW. SHIP AND PORT FACILITY SECURITY CODE ISPS CODE GUIDELINES FOR SHIP SUPPLIERS AUGUST 2016 1 INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND PORT FACILITY SECURITY CODE General The ISPS Code will come into force worldwide on July 1st 2004 and will affect all shipping over 500 g r t and all ports servicing ships engaged on International 9RDJHV 7KH amp RGH GRHV QRW UHIHU VSHFL FDOO WR 6KLS 6XSSOLHUV EXW LW GRHV FRYHU

Related Books