29 JANUARY 2019 dni gov

29 January 2019 Dni Gov-Free PDF

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STATEMENT FOR THE RECORD,WORLDWIDE THREAT ASSESSMENT. US INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY,January 29 2019,INTRODUCTION. Chairman Burr Vice Chairman Warner Members of the Committee thank you for the invitation to. offer the United States Intelligence Community s 2019 assessment of threats to US national security. My statement reflects the collective insights of the Intelligence Community s extraordinary women. and men whom I am privileged and honored to lead We in the Intelligence Community are. committed every day to providing the nuanced independent and unvarnished intelligence that. policymakers warfighters and domestic law enforcement personnel need to protect American lives. and America s interests anywhere in the world, The order of the topics presented in this statement does not necessarily indicate the relative. importance or magnitude of the threat in the view of the Intelligence Community. Information available as of 17 January 2019 was used in the preparation of this assessment. ATTENTION This product contains US persons information which has been included consistent with applicable laws directives and. policies Handle in accordance with recipient s intelligence oversight and or information handling procedures. INTRODUCTION 2,CONTENTS 3,FOREWORD 4,GLOBAL THREATS 5. ONLINE INFLUENCE OPERATIONS AND ELECTION INTERFERENCE 7. WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND PROLIFERATION 8,TERRORISM 10.
COUNTERINTELLIGENCE 13, EMERGING AND DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND THREATS TO. ECONOMICCOMPETITIVENESS 15,SPACE AND COUNTERSPACE 16. TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME 18,ECONOMICS AND ENERGY 19. HUMAN SECURITY 21,REGIONAL THREATS 24,CHINA AND RUSSIA 24. EAST ASIA 24,MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA 29,SOUTH ASIA 35.
RUSSIA AND EURASIA 36,THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE 40, Threats to US national security will expand and diversify in the coming year driven in part by. China and Russia as they respectively compete more intensely with the United States and its. traditional allies and partners This competition cuts across all domains involves a race for. technological and military superiority and is increasingly about values Russia and China seek to. shape the international system and regional security dynamics and exert influence over the politics. and economies of states in all regions of the world and especially in their respective backyards. China and Russia are more aligned than at any point since the mid 1950s and the relationship. is likely to strengthen in the coming year as some of their interests and threat perceptions. converge particularly regarding perceived US unilateralism and interventionism and Western. promotion of democratic values and human rights, As China and Russia seek to expand their global influence they are eroding once well. established security norms and increasing the risk of regional conflicts particularly in the. Middle East and East Asia, At the same time some US allies and partners are seeking greater independence from. Washington in response to their perceptions of changing US policies on security and trade and. are becoming more open to new bilateral and multilateral partnerships. The post World War II international system is coming under increasing strain amid continuing. cyber and WMD proliferation threats competition in space and regional conflicts Among the. disturbing trends are hostile states and actors intensifying online efforts to influence and interfere. with elections here and abroad and their use of chemical weapons Terrorism too will continue to be. a top threat to US and partner interests worldwide particularly in Sub Saharan Africa the Middle. East South Asia and Southeast Asia The development and application of new technologies will. introduce both risks and opportunities and the US economy will be challenged by slower global. economic growth and growing threats to US economic competitiveness. Migration is likely to continue to fuel social and interstate tensions globally while drugs and. transnational organized crime take a toll on US public health and safety Political turbulence is. rising in many regions as governance erodes and states confront growing public health and. environmental threats, Issues as diverse as Iran s adversarial behavior deepening turbulence in Afghanistan and the. rise of nationalism in Europe all will stoke tensions. GLOBAL THREATS, Our adversaries and strategic competitors will increasingly use cyber capabilities including cyber.
espionage attack and influence to seek political economic and military advantage over the United. States and its allies and partners China Russia Iran and North Korea increasingly use cyber. operations to threaten both minds and machines in an expanding number of ways to steal. information to influence our citizens or to disrupt critical infrastructure. At present China and Russia pose the greatest espionage and cyber attack threats but we anticipate that. all our adversaries and strategic competitors will increasingly build and integrate cyber espionage attack. and influence capabilities into their efforts to influence US policies and advance their own national security. interests In the last decade our adversaries and strategic competitors have developed and. experimented with a growing capability to shape and alter the information and systems on which we. rely For years they have conducted cyber espionage to collect intelligence and targeted our critical. infrastructure to hold it at risk They are now becoming more adept at using social media to alter. how we think behave and decide As we connect and integrate billions of new digital devices into. our lives and business processes adversaries and strategic competitors almost certainly will gain. greater insight into and access to our protected information. China presents a persistent cyber espionage threat and a growing attack threat to our core military and. critical infrastructure systems China remains the most active strategic competitor responsible for. cyber espionage against the US Government corporations and allies It is improving its cyber. attack capabilities and altering information online shaping Chinese views and potentially the views. of US citizens an issue we discuss in greater detail in the Online Influence Operations and Election. Interference section of this report, Beijing will authorize cyber espionage against key US technology sectors when doing so. addresses a significant national security or economic goal not achievable through other means. We are also concerned about the potential for Chinese intelligence and security services to use. Chinese information technology firms as routine and systemic espionage platforms against the. United States and allies, China has the ability to launch cyber attacks that cause localized temporary disruptive effects. on critical infrastructure such as disruption of a natural gas pipeline for days to weeks in the. United States, We assess that Russia poses a cyber espionage influence and attack threat to the United States and our. allies Moscow continues to be a highly capable and effective adversary integrating cyber espionage. attack and influence operations to achieve its political and military objectives Moscow is now. staging cyber attack assets to allow it to disrupt or damage US civilian and military infrastructure. during a crisis and poses a significant cyber influence threat an issue discussed in the Online. Influence Operations and Election Interference section of this report. Russian intelligence and security services will continue targeting US information systems as. well as the networks of our NATO and Five Eyes partners for technical information military. plans and insight into our governments policies, Russia has the ability to execute cyber attacks in the United States that generate localized. temporary disruptive effects on critical infrastructure such as disrupting an electrical. distribution network for at least a few hours similar to those demonstrated in Ukraine in 2015. and 2016 Moscow is mapping our critical infrastructure with the long term goal of being able. to cause substantial damage, Iran continues to present a cyber espionage and attack threat Iran uses increasingly sophisticated cyber.
techniques to conduct espionage it is also attempting to deploy cyber attack capabilities that would. enable attacks against critical infrastructure in the United States and allied countries Tehran also. uses social media platforms to target US and allied audiences an issue discussed in the Online. Influence Operations and Election Interference section of this report. Iranian cyber actors are targeting US Government officials government organizations and. companies to gain intelligence and position themselves for future cyber operations. Iran has been preparing for cyber attacks against the United States and our allies It is capable. of causing localized temporary disruptive effects such as disrupting a large company s. corporate networks for days to weeks similar to its data deletion attacks against dozens of. Saudi governmental and private sector networks in late 2016 and early 2017. North Korea, North Korea poses a significant cyber threat to financial institutions remains a cyber espionage threat and. retains the ability to conduct disruptive cyber attacks North Korea continues to use cyber capabilities. to steal from financial institutions to generate revenue Pyongyang s cybercrime operations include. attempts to steal more than 1 1 billion from financial institutions across the world including a. successful cyber heist of an estimated 81 million from the New York Federal Reserve account of. Bangladesh s central bank,Nonstate and Unattributed Actors. Foreign cyber criminals will continue to conduct for profit cyber enabled theft and extortion against US. networks We anticipate that financially motivated cyber criminals very likely will expand their. targets in the United States in the next few years Their actions could increasingly disrupt US. critical infrastructure in the health care financial government and emergency service sectors based. on the patterns of activities against these sectors in the last few years. Terrorists could obtain and disclose compromising or personally identifiable information through cyber. operations and they may use such disclosures to coerce extort or to inspire and enable physical attacks. against their victims Terrorist groups could cause some disruptive effects defacing websites or. executing denial of service attacks against poorly protected networks with little to no warning. The growing availability and use of publicly and commercially available cyber tools is increasing the. overall volume of unattributed cyber activity around the world The use of these tools increases the risk. of misattributions and misdirected responses by both governments and the private sector. ONLINE INFLUENCE OPERATIONS AND ELECTION,INTERFERENCE. Our adversaries and strategic competitors probably already are looking to the 2020 US elections as an. opportunity to advance their interests More broadly US adversaries and strategic competitors almost. certainly will use online influence operations to try to weaken democratic institutions undermine US. alliances and partnerships and shape policy outcomes in the United States and elsewhere We expect our. adversaries and strategic competitors to refine their capabilities and add new tactics as they learn. from each other s experiences suggesting the threat landscape could look very different in 2020 and. future elections, Russia s social media efforts will continue to focus on aggravating social and racial tensions. undermining trust in authorities and criticizing perceived anti Russia politicians Moscow may. employ additional influence toolkits such as spreading disinformation conducting hack and. leak operations or manipulating data in a more targeted fashion to influence US policy. actions and elections, Beijing already controls the information environment inside China and it is expanding its.
ability to shape information and discourse relating to China abroad especially on issues that. Beijing views as core to party legitimacy such as Taiwan Tibet and human rights China will. continue to use legal political and economic levers such as the lure of Chinese markets to. shape the information environment It is also capable of using cyber attacks against systems in. the United States to censor or suppress viewpoints it deems politically sensitive. Iran which has used social media campaigns to target audiences in both the United States and. allied nations with messages aligned with Iranian interests will continue to use online influence. operations to try to advance its interests, Adversaries and strategic competitors probably will attempt to use deep fakes or similar. machine learning technologies to create convincing but false image audio and video files to. augment influence campaigns directed against the United States and our allies and partners. Adversaries and strategic competitors also may seek to use cyber means to directly manipulate or. disrupt election systems such as by tampering with voter registration or disrupting the vote tallying. process either to alter data or to call into question our voting process Russia in 2016 and. unidentified actors as recently as 2018 have already conducted cyber activity that has targeted US. election infrastructure but we do not have any intelligence reporting to indicate any compromise of. WORLDWIDE THREAT ASSESSMENT of the US INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY January 29 2019 INTRODUCTION Chairman Burr Vice Chairman Warner Members of the Committee thank you for the invitation to offer the United States Intelligence Community s 2019 assessment of threats to US national security My statement reflects the collective insights of the Intelligence Community s extraordinary women and men

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